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Les enjeux de la propriété industrielle appliques aux semences végétales The Challenges of Intellectual Property in Plant Seeds

  • Serge CAPOT
  • Didier PERUS


    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

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    Nourrir la planète, est-ce toujours d’actualité ? Après plus de 30 ans d’Innovation et de création de nouvelles semences végétales protégées et stimulées par les Droits de Propriété Industrielle, les brevets OGM, Terminator et autres, sont utilisés à des fins strictement économiques sans prendre en compte les enjeux humanitaires et écologiques. Pour les nouvelles semences végétales, les brevets ne peuvent pas être uniquement des armes commerciales. De nouvelles réglementations sont à trouver afin de concilier les aspects économique, juridique et éthique. Des organisations déjà existantes, gouvernementales ou internationales, pourraient contrôler leurs applications en instaurant des comités éthiques et guides de bonnes pratiques… Is feeding the planet still relevant? After more than 30 years of innovation in new plant seeds protected and stimulated by Industrial Property Rights, GMOs, Terminator and other patents are today strictly used as economic tools, without taking account of humanitarian or ecological issues. For the new developed plant seeds, patents should not be considered as business weapons. New rules and guidelines should today be defined to combine economical, legal and ethical aspects. Governmental or international organizations that already exist could then control their applications by setting up ethics committees and guidelines for good practices….

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    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 269.

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    Length: 27 pages
    Date of creation: Jun 2013
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Juin 2013
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:269
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    1. Blandine Laperche, 2009. "Stratégies d'innovation des firmes des sciences de la vie et appropriation des ressources végétales : processus et enjeux," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 109-122.
    2. Philippe Hugon, 2002. "Les écarts de connaissances scientifiques et techniques Nord/Sud au regard de la théorie des biens publics mondiaux," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(172), pages 891-913.
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