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caractéristiques notables du système tunisien d’innovation

Author

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  • Sami Saafi

    () (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

Dans ce papier, nous analysons le système tunisien d’innovation en mobilisant la méthodologie de l’approche en termes de systèmes sociaux d’innovation et de production développée par Amable, Barré et Boyer (1997). Pour ce faire, nous avons présenté dans un premier temps les inputs, ainsi que les outputs, de la recherche scientifique et des activités d’innovation. Dans un deuxième temps, en mettant l’accent sur les interrelations entre les différentes composantes du système d’innovation, nous avons essayé d’analyser les forces et les faiblesses de ce système. Notre analyse montre qu’il existe deux pôles industriels en situations extrêmes du point de vue de la recherche et de l’innovation, d’une part le secteur agroalimentaire, d’autre part le textile et l’habillement. En dépit des mesures prises par l’Etat, l’articulation entre la production de connaissances et leur application reste insuffisante. Dans ce cadre d’idées, nous avons particulièrement mis l’accent sur la difficile coordination entre la politique éducative et la politique industrielle. In this paper, we analyze the Tunisian system of innovation by mobilizing the methodology of the social systems of innovation and production approach, developed by Amable, Barré and Boyer. First, we present the inputs, as well as the outputs, of scientific research and innovation activities. Secondly, by stressing the interrelationships between the various components of the system of innovation, we try to analyze the forces and the weaknesses of this system. Our analysis shows that there are two industrial poles in extreme situations from the point of view of research and innovation activities: on the one hand the agrofood sector, on the other hand the textile and clothing sector. In spite of the policies implemented by the State, the articulation between the production of knowledge and its application remains insufficient. Within this framework of ideas, we particularly stress the difficult coordination between the educational policy and the industrial policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Sami Saafi, 2007. "caractéristiques notables du système tunisien d’innovation," Working Papers 155, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:155
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    File URL: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/wp-content/uploads/2007/06/doc%20155.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Sami Saafi, 2010. "Conséquences de la diffusion des innovations technologiques sur l'emploi industriel en Tunisie : Une analyse par les données de panel," Working paper serie RMT - Grenoble Ecole de Management hal-00477357, HAL.
    2. Sami Saafi, 2010. "Conséquences de la diffusion des innovations technologiques sur l'emploi industriel en Tunisie : Une analyse par les données de panel," Working Papers hal-00477357, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    system of innovation; Tunisian; industrial policy; educational policy;

    JEL classification:

    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • L67 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Consumer Nondurables: Clothing, Textiles, Shoes, and Leather Goods; Household Goods; Sports Equipment
    • L66 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Food; Beverages; Cosmetics; Tobacco

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