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Savoir et recherche. la place des femmes. le cas de l’université du Littoral-Côte d’Opale (Nord/Pas-de-Calais) (Knowledge and research. the place of women. case study: University of Littoral (Nord/Pas-de-Calais))

Author

Listed:
  • Sophie Boutillier

    () (labrii, ULCO)

  • Blandine Laperche

    () (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

Les relations entre les institutions du savoir (universités, centres de recherche publics ou privés) et les femmes ont toujours été difficiles : accès à l’éducation et reconnaissance d’une production de savoirs scientifiques (publications, manifestations scientifiques, carrière professionnelle). Pour accéder et participer à la production de savoirs scientifiques, les femmes ont contourné les barrières institutionnelles par la ruse et le combat politique. Aujourd’hui, en dépit de leur disparition, la participation des femmes à la production scientifique reste marginale. Or, depuis le début des années 1990, les institutions du savoir se transforment. L’accent est mis sur la production de savoirs marchands (dépôt de brevets, recherche de contrats, création d’une entreprise), parfois au détriment de la recherche fondamentale. Cette évolution ne va-t-elle contribuer à renforcer la place marginale que les femmes occupent en France dans la recherche universitaire ? Partant des données nationales, notre domaine d’investigation est celui de l’Université du Littoral Côte d’Opale, jeune université située dans le nord de la France, dans une région industrielle en crise. La jeunesse de cette université a-t-elle créé des opportunités nouvelles ? Les mécanismes de la discrimination sont-ils toujours en vigueur ? The relationships between the institutions of knowledge (universities, public or private research centres) and women have always been difficult: access to education and acknowledgement of a production of scientific knowledge (publications, scientific events, professional career). To access and to participate to the production of scientific knowledge, women had to get round the institutional barriers by cunning and political struggles. Today, even though institutional barriers have disappeared, the participation of women to the scientific production is still marginal. Since the beginning of the 1990s, the institutions of knowledge have changed. The production of merchant scientific knowledge (patents, contracts with enterprises, entrepreneurship) is a new priority, sometimes to the detriment of basic research. Will this reform consolidate the marginal position of women in the French production of scientific knowledge? After a general presentation of the French situation, the university of Littoral Côte d’Opale will be our domain of investigation, new university located in the north of France, in an industrial region in crisis. Did this young University create new opportunities? Are the mechanisms of discrimination still existing?

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie Boutillier & Blandine Laperche, 2006. "Savoir et recherche. la place des femmes. le cas de l’université du Littoral-Côte d’Opale (Nord/Pas-de-Calais) (Knowledge and research. the place of women. case study: University of Littoral (Nord/Pas," Working Papers 116, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:116
    as

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    File URL: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/wp-content/uploads/2006/12/doc%20116.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yvonne Mignot-Lefebvre, 1994. "Technologies de communication et d'information : une nouvelle donne internationale," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 35(138), pages 245-277.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    women; knowlegde; researche; university of littoral;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • J79 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Other
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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