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The Role of Schools in the production of achievement

  • Maria Eugenia Canon

    (University of Rochester)

The estimates for the role of family inputs are in line to previous findings; they foster students achievement and there exists sensitive periods. The estimates of school inputs, contrary to what has been found in the literature, are also important for the formation of students’ skills. These results are robust to the assumption that savings are not a perfect proxy for students’ unobserved ability to learn. The estimates of the production function are used to compute counterfactual exercises. In particular, this paper evaluates what would happen if the inputs for black students are reassigned so that their inputs are the actual amount they receive plus the di¤erential that whites students receive. This exercise shows that equalizing home inputs would reduce the achievement gap by 15.4% while equalizing school inputs would do it in 8.7%. If instead inputs are altered only in 12th grade, home and school inputs have similar impact on students’achievement: school inputs would reduce the gap by 7.4% while home inputs would do it by 7.9%.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2010 Meeting Papers with number 543.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:red:sed010:543
Contact details of provider: Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA
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  1. Pedro Carneiro & James J. Heckman & Dimitriy V. Masterov, 2003. "Labor Market Discrimination and Racial Differences in Premarket Factors," NBER Working Papers 10068, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Mark Huggett & Gustavo Ventura & Amir Yaron, 2010. "Sources of Lifetime Inequality," Working Papers 2011-020, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
  3. Flavio Cunha & James J. Heckman & Lance Lochner & Dimitriy V. Masterov, 2005. "Interpreting the Evidence on Life Cycle Skill Formation," NBER Working Papers 11331, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Liu, Haiyong & Mroz, Thomas A. & van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 2010. "Maternal employment, migration, and child development," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 156(1), pages 212-228, May.
  5. Flavio Cunha & James Heckman, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," NBER Working Papers 12840, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Ackerberg, Daniel & Lanier Benkard, C. & Berry, Steven & Pakes, Ariel, 2007. "Econometric Tools for Analyzing Market Outcomes," Handbook of Econometrics, in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 6, chapter 63 Elsevier.
  7. Hausman, J. A. & Newey, W. K. & Powell, J. L., 1995. "Nonlinear errors in variables Estimation of some Engel curves," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 205-233, January.
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