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Growth and the Standard of Living in a Pioneer Economy: Upper Canada, 1826 to 1851

Author

Listed:
  • Frank D. Lewis
  • M.C. Urquhart

Abstract

Building on the work of McCalla, McInnis and others we describe the early income of Upper Canada over the period 1826 to 1851. The Municipal Assessments, which report ownership of land, livestock and other property, allow us to develop conjectural estimates of farm income; and various Provincial Accounts help us describe the pattern of trade as well as the development of the school system. Although we find little evidence of intensive growth in that per capita incomes stayed about the same over the period, there were remarkable increases in aggregate output and population.

Suggested Citation

  • Frank D. Lewis & M.C. Urquhart, 1997. "Growth and the Standard of Living in a Pioneer Economy: Upper Canada, 1826 to 1851," Working Papers 950, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:950
    as

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    File URL: http://qed.econ.queensu.ca/working_papers/papers/qed_wp_950.pdf
    File Function: First version 1997
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Metcalf, Charles E, 1969. "The Size Distribution of Personal Income during the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(4), pages 657-668, Part I Se.
    2. Thurow, Lester C, 1970. "Analyzing the American Income Distribution," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(2), pages 261-269, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ann Carlos & Frank Lewis, 2010. "Property Rights, Standards of Living, and Economic Growth: Western Canadian Cree," Working Papers 1232, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    2. Sun Go & Peter H. Lindert, 2007. "The Curious Dawn of American Public Schools," NBER Working Papers 13335, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Standard of living; Income; Upper Canada; Ontario;

    JEL classification:

    • N51 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
    • N31 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913
    • N71 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - U.S.; Canada: Pre-1913

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