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Geopolítica do minério de ferro brasileiro no entreguerras
[Geopolitics of the Brazilian iron ore in the interwar period]

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  • Barros, Gustavo

Abstract

This work explores the conflict in the international sphere in the interwar period regarding the exploitation of the large iron ore reserves in the central region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, along with some of their implications. The literature that covers the debate about the steel-making problem and iron ore export, which occurred in Brazil from the 1910s to the early 1940s, largely neglected the differentiation of interests and antagonism between the world powers regarding the exploitation of these mineral resources. I argue here that this exploitation had significant strategic potential implications to the balance of power among European powers within the configuration established after the Treaty of Versailles. This circumstance unfolded into relevant events in Brazil, and allows us to understand both that ARBED came to the country to create the Companhia Siderúrgica Belgo-Mineira and the emergence of an openly antiexport discourse from some prominent politicians from Minas Gerais.

Suggested Citation

  • Barros, Gustavo, 2019. "Geopolítica do minério de ferro brasileiro no entreguerras [Geopolitics of the Brazilian iron ore in the interwar period]," MPRA Paper 92489, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:92489
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/92489/1/MPRA_paper_92489.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barros, Gustavo, 2011. "O problema siderúrgico nacional na Primeira República [The national steel-making problem in the First Republic]," MPRA Paper 57389, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    1. Barros, Gustavo, 2014. "Discurso e contexto: política siderúrgica no primeiro governo Vargas (1930-1937) [Speech and context: steel-making policy in the first Vargas government (1930-1937)]," MPRA Paper 57656, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Barros, Gustavo, 2013. "O desenvolvimento do setor siderúrgico brasileiro entre 1900 e 1940: Criação de empresas e evolução da capacidade produtiva [The development of the Brazilian steel-making sector between 1900 and 19," MPRA Paper 57399, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interwar period; Geopolitics; Iron ore; Steel-making;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • N44 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N46 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean

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