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Discurso e contexto: política siderúrgica no primeiro governo Vargas (1930-1937)
[Speech and context: steel-making policy in the first Vargas government (1930-1937)]

Author

Listed:
  • Barros, Gustavo

Abstract

In February 1931, Getúlio Vargas delivered a well known speech in Belo Horizonte and made then one of his most important public interventions in the Brazilian steel-making debate. This speech made fortune in the historiography, above all for its incisive statement in favor of a national steel-making industry and, by extension, of industry in general, few months after the Revolution of 1930. We discuss and interpret here this speech, alongside with a comparison between what was defended in the speech and the steel-making policy which effectively followed it along the first Vargas government, but before the Estado Novo. We try to understand the reasons which led Vargas to state what he did about the steel-making problem, at that moment in Belo Horizonte, based on the history of the debate until then, on the position which the state of Minas Gerais occupied in it and on other propositions made by Vargas on the same occasion. Regarding the steel-making policy actually implemented by the government after the speech, we conclude that, if it was not nonexistent, we must at least consider it as disappointing, if compared to the expectations which the vehemence of his 1931 speech could give rise to.

Suggested Citation

  • Barros, Gustavo, 2014. "Discurso e contexto: política siderúrgica no primeiro governo Vargas (1930-1937)
    [Speech and context: steel-making policy in the first Vargas government (1930-1937)]
    ," MPRA Paper 57656, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:57656
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/57656/1/MPRA_paper_57656.pdf
    File Function: original version
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barros, Gustavo, 2011. "O problema siderúrgico nacional na Primeira República
      [The national steel-making problem in the First Republic]
      ," MPRA Paper 57389, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hilton, Stanley E., 1975. "Vargas and Brazilian Economic Development, 1930–1945: A Reappraisal of his Attitude Toward Industrialization and Planning," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 35(04), pages 754-778, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brazil; Getúlio Vargas; industrialization; steel-making; iron ore export; industrial policy;

    JEL classification:

    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N66 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy

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