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Determinants of Declining Child Sex Ratio in India: An Empirical Investigation

Author

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  • Chakraborty, Lekha S
  • Sinha, Darshy

Abstract

Using fixed effects model of pooled least squares for the last four decennial census data across fifteen major states in India; the paper examined the determinants of declining child sex ratio in India. The results suggest that the child sex ratio is inversely related to the spatial socio-economic characteristics, in particular, female literacy rate and female economic activity rate; with relatively higher elasticity coefficients for urban India. The spatial spillover effects associated with juvenile sex ratio is controlled in the models, however the spatial dependence of the phenomenon was found insignificant. The monotonic decline in the juvenile sex ratio over the last four decades despite the improving socioeconomic characteristics reinforces the existence of gender discriminatory practices which starts even before birth; which requires urgent attention of public policy, as improving literacy and economic value of woman is necessary but not sufficient for enhancing the relative life chances of girl child.

Suggested Citation

  • Chakraborty, Lekha S & Sinha, Darshy, 2006. "Determinants of Declining Child Sex Ratio in India: An Empirical Investigation," MPRA Paper 7602, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:7602
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/7602/1/MPRA_paper_7602.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hoang, Thu Huong & Nguyen, Viet Cuong, 2014. "Do Parents Choose the Sex of their Children? Evidence from Vietnam," MPRA Paper 70151, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Prakash, Nishith & Vadlamannati, Krishna Chaitanya, 2014. "Girls for Sale? Child Sex Ratio and Girls Trafficking in India," IZA Discussion Papers 8293, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Rebeca Echávarri & Roberto Ezcurra, 2010. "Education and gender bias in the sex ratio at birth: Evidence from India," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 47(1), pages 249-268, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sex ratio; fixed effects; missing women; female economic activity rate; decennial census;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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