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A non-zero dispersion leads to the non-zero bias of mean

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  • Harin, Alexander

Abstract

A theorem of existence of the non-zero restrictions for the mean of a function on a finite numerical segment at a non-zero dispersion of the function is proved. The theorem has an applied character. It is aimed to be used in the probability theory and statistics and further in economics. Its ultimate aim is to help to answer the Aczél-Luce question whether W(1)=1 and to explain, at least partially, the well-known problems and paradoxes of the utility theory, such as the underweighting of high and the overweighting of low probabilities, the Allais paradox, the four-fold pattern paradox, etc., by purely mathematical methods.

Suggested Citation

  • Harin, Alexander, 2013. "A non-zero dispersion leads to the non-zero bias of mean," MPRA Paper 47559, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:47559
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/47559/1/MPRA_paper_47559.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Hey, John D & Orme, Chris, 1994. "Investigating Generalizations of Expected Utility Theory Using Experimental Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(6), pages 1291-1326, November.
    2. Kenneth Y. Chay & Patrick J. McEwan & Miguel Urquiola, 2005. "The Central Role of Noise in Evaluating Interventions That Use Test Scores to Rank Schools," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(4), pages 1237-1258, September.
    3. Tversky, Amos & Wakker, Peter, 1995. "Risk Attitudes and Decision Weights," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(6), pages 1255-1280, November.
    4. Daniel Kahneman & Richard H. Thaler, 2006. "Anomalies: Utility Maximization and Experienced Utility," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(1), pages 221-234, Winter.
    5. David J. Butler & Graham C. Loomes, 2007. "Imprecision as an Account of the Preference Reversal Phenomenon," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(1), pages 277-297, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    utility; utility theory; probability; uncertainty; decisions; economics; Prelec; probability weighting; Allais paradox; risk aversion;

    JEL classification:

    • C0 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C1 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies

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