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Illegal to punish or punish the illegals: Which way should Ukraine and Moldova choose?


  • Lundgren, Ted


A government seeks to minimise the maximum expected utility of migrants and smugglers, but has to do this under constraints. It is argued that a vote maximising government should choose policies based on the relative weight of the introduced lobby utility function, which acts as a constraint. The model allows for calculation of simplified but optimal punishments, however this would require information about country-specific parameters. The model setting assumes that there is almost perfect competition between the facilitators (people smugglers).

Suggested Citation

  • Lundgren, Ted, 2008. "Illegal to punish or punish the illegals: Which way should Ukraine and Moldova choose?," MPRA Paper 31851, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:31851

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vayrynen, Raimo, 2003. "Illegal Immigration, Human Trafficking, and Organized Crime," WIDER Working Paper Series 072, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    More about this item


    illegal migration; illegal immigration; irregular migration; undocumented migration; optimal punishments; punishments; Moldova; Ukraine; people smuggling; human smuggling; international migration; people smugglers; border control; punishment schemes; WNIS;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration


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