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The Net Impact of the Female Secondary School Stipend Program in Bangladesh


  • Fuwa, Nobuhiko


This paper examines the impact of the secondary school stipend program for female students on student enrolment in Bangladesh. After a brief description of the stipend program, we examine both nationwide and project-level data on student enrolment. While the former data show little identifiable impact of the stipend program, the project-level data show significant positive impact of the program. We find that, on average, the stipend program increased female student enrolment by 2% above the prevailing trend rate of increase while the program had significantly negative impact on male enrolment. Thus the program had a major effect in closing the gender gap, thereby accelerating the trend that had already existed in Bangladesh before the stipend program was introduced in 1994.

Suggested Citation

  • Fuwa, Nobuhiko, 2001. "The Net Impact of the Female Secondary School Stipend Program in Bangladesh," MPRA Paper 23402, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:23402

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    Cited by:

    1. Ferre, Celine & Sharif, Iffath, 2014. "Can conditional cash transfers improve education and nutrition outcomes for poor children in Bangladesh ? evidence from a pilot project," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7077, The World Bank.
    2. Mrittika Shamsuddin, 2015. "Labour Market Effects of a Female Stipend Programme in Bangladesh," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(4), pages 425-447, December.
    3. Willa Friedman & Michael Kremer & Edward Miguel & Rebecca Thornton, 2016. "Education as Liberation?," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 83(329), pages 1-30, January.
    4. Zulkhibri, Muhamed, 2016. "Conditional Cash Transfers in Developing Economy: The Case of Muslim Countries," Working Papers 2016-6, The Islamic Research and Teaching Institute (IRTI).
    5. Yeasmin Sayeed, 2016. "Effect of girls' secondary school stipend on completed schooling, age at marriage, and age at first birth," WIDER Working Paper Series 110, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item


    conditional cash transfer; impact evaluation; female education; stipend; Bangladesh;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination


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