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International convergence and local divergence

Author

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  • Cristobal, Adolfo

Abstract

This work presents a north-south endogenous-growth model that reproduces some recent EU stylized facts: convergence between countries, divergence between the same countries, more spatial concentration of economic activity and higher growth rates. We claim that the ongoing technological reduction of transaction costs can conceivably spur those phenomena, specially if a regional productive duality within the less-developed countries were reinforced by a biased incidence of that fall in transaction costs. A key element is Grossman and Helpman's complementarity between innovation and imitation. The channels that allow for higher growth-rates are migrations and scale-effects in the industrialized regions of the poorest countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristobal, Adolfo, 2005. "International convergence and local divergence," MPRA Paper 219, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:219
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/219/1/MPRA_paper_219.pdf
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    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies

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