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The Effect of Traffic Safety Laws and Obesity Rates on Living Organ Donations

  • Fernandez, Jose
  • Stohr, Lisa

This paper uses variation in traffic safety laws and obesity rates to identify substitution patterns between living and cadaveric kidney donors. Using panel data from 1988-2008, we find that a 1% decrease in the supply of cadaveric donors per 100,000 increases the supply of living donors per 100,000 by .7%. With respect to traffic safety laws, a national adoption of partial helmet laws is estimated to decrease cadaveric donors by 6%, but leads to a 4.2% increase in the number of living donors, or a net effect of 1.8% decrease in the supply of kidney donations. The recent rise in obesity rates is estimated to increase living donor rates by roughly 18%. Lastly, we find evidence that increases in disposable income per capita is associated with an increase in the number of non-biological living donors within a state, but is not found to have an effect on biological donor rates.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/17033/1/MPRA_paper_17033.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 17033.

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Date of creation: 31 Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:17033
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  1. T. Randolph Beard & David L. Kaserman & Richard P. Saba, 2006. "Inefficiency in Cadaveric Organ Procurement," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 73(1), pages 13–26, July.
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