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The management of inter-state rivers as demands grow and supplies tighten: India, China, Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh

  • Crow, Ben
  • Singh, Nirvikar

International cooperation over the major rivers in South Asia took a new turn with the signing in 1996 and 1997 of five innovative water, power and economic cooperation agreements. The innovations include four elements: (i) the transfer of some previously diplomatic questions into the sphere of the private economy, (ii) bringing third parties, other than governments, into the design and negotiation of cooperative projects, (iii) the principle of sharing costs and benefits, and (iv) taking steps toward multilateral discussion. However, political and implementation challenges have remained, and have been exacerbated by looming water shortages as economies grow and climate change occurs. This paper examines how recent innovations in diplomacy may be extended to address these challenges.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 12433.

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Date of creation: Mar 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:12433
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  1. Geof Wood, 1999. "Contesting water in Bangladesh: knowledge, rights and governance," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 11(5), pages 731-754.
  2. Ajaya Dixit, 2003. "Floods and Vulnerability: Need to Rethink Flood Management," Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 28(1), pages 155-179, January.
  3. Q. Ahmad, 2003. "Regional Cooperation in Flood Management in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Region: Bangladesh Perspective," Natural Hazards, International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 28(1), pages 191-198, January.
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