Japan’s Positive Aid Sanctions Policies: Case Study of African Developing Countries
The Japanese government has implemented various positive aid sanctions policies in African countries. There are two main reasons why the Japanese government preferred to use the positive sanctions. Firstly, the Japanese government refrained from taking strict measures against countries that maintain strong economic and diplomatic relations with Japan. Second, even if the Japanese government did take punitive measure against those countries it softened its stance as soon as a convenient pretext could be found. All this indicates that policymakers in Japanese government still give priority to Japan’s economic interests.
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- Howard Stein, 1998. "Japanese aid to Africa: Patterns, motivation and the role of structural adjustment," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(2), pages 27-53.
- Furuoka, Fumitaka, 2007. "Japan’s foreign aid sanctions policy toward African countries," MPRA Paper 5947, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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