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Introducing Vouchers and Standardized Tests for Higher Education in Russia: Expectations and Measurements

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  • Osipian, Ararat

Abstract

The reform of higher education in Russia, based on standardized tests and educational vouchers, was intended to reduce inequalities in access to higher education. The initiative with the vouchers has failed and by now is already forgotten while the national test is planned to be introduced nationwide in 2009. The national test called to replace the present corrupt system of entry examinations has experienced numerous problems so far and will likely have even more problems in the future. This paper analyses the reform and suggests a methodology of measuring effects of the reform on access to higher education.

Suggested Citation

  • Osipian, Ararat, 2008. "Introducing Vouchers and Standardized Tests for Higher Education in Russia: Expectations and Measurements," MPRA Paper 11059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:11059
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11059/1/MPRA_paper_11059.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Osipian, Ararat, 2007. "Экономический Рост: Образование Как Фактор Производства
      [Economic Growth: Education as a Factor of Production]
      ," MPRA Paper 7593, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Phillip Arestis & Michelle Baddeley & John S.L. McCombie (ed.), 2007. "Economic Growth," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3958, April.
    3. Osipian, Ararat, 2007. "Human capital—economic growth nexus in the former Soviet Bloc," MPRA Paper 8463, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    higher education; inequalities; reform; standardized test; voucher; Russia;

    JEL classification:

    • P21 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid

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