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Estimating The Effect Of Distance On The Migration Of Higher Education Candidates

Author

Listed:
  • Diogo Lourenço

    (Universidade do Porto)

  • Carla Sá

    (Universidade do Minho)

Abstract

In this paper, we use a gravity approach to study the impact of distance on the migratory flows of candidates to undergraduate courses in Portugal. We apply estimation techniques recently used in the field of International Economics to estimate a more appropriate model specification that segments the effect of distance by field of study and gender. In line with the literature, distance is found to be a crucial factor to the migratory behaviour of candidates, with flows showing an elasticity between -2 and -1. We find flows to be particularly sensitive when distance is measured by time of travel. We also take segmentation seriously, finding significant differences across fields of education.

Suggested Citation

  • Diogo Lourenço & Carla Sá, 2020. "Estimating The Effect Of Distance On The Migration Of Higher Education Candidates," FEP Working Papers 619, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:619
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gravity Models; Student Mobility; Market Segmentation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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