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Open Innovation in a Global Perspective: What Do Existing Data Tell Us?

  • Koen De Backer
  • Vladimir López-Bassols
  • Catalina Martinez

Open innovation has received a lot of attention in the business management literature and recently also in policy discussions. Until now, most of the empirical evidence has been based on case study work offering detailed insights into some best practices of open innovation in companies’ innovation strategies. While existing large-scale data may offer interesting empirical evidence on open innovation, they have surprisingly not really been analysed in great detail. Especially the increasing importance of open innovation on a global scale in so-called global innovation networks, calls for internationally comparable data on open innovation. This paper presents different indicators using existing data on R&D investments, innovation survey data, patent data and data on licensing, illustrating the increasing importance and the different characteristics of open innovation across companies, industries and countries. L'Innovation ouverte dans une perspective mondiale? : Que nous disent les données disponibles? L'innovation ouverte a suscité une grande attention dans les travaux publiés sur la gestion d'entreprise,ainsi que dans le cadre des débats récents sur l'action publique. Pour l'heure, la plupart des données empiriques sur le sujet reposent sur des études de cas, offrant des indications précises sur certaines des meilleures pratiques observées en matière d'innovation ouverte dans le cadre des stratégies d'innovation des entreprises. Alors que de vastes ensembles de données pourraient offrir des éléments empiriques intéressants sur l'innovation ouverte, ils n'ont étonnamment pas vraiment été analysés de manière très poussée. Or, compte tenu de l'importance croissante que revêt en particulier l'innovation ouverte à l'échelle mondiale dans le cadre des « réseaux mondiaux d'innovation », il est nécessaire que l'on puisse disposer de données comparables au niveau international sur l'innovation ouverte. Nous présentons dans ce document différents indicateurs fondés sur des données disponibles relatives aux investissements en recherche-développement (R-D), tirées d'enquêtes sur l'innovation, relatives aux brevets et portant sur les concessions de licences, qui illustrent l'importance grandissante et les caractéristiques diverses de l'innovation ouverte dans une multitude d'entreprises, de secteurs d'activité et de pays.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers with number 2008/4.

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Date of creation: 16 Dec 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:oec:stiaaa:2008/4-en
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