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The Effectiveness of Port-City Policies: A Comparative Approach


  • Olaf Merk


  • Thai-Thanh Dang



The relation between ports and their cities have evolved: it is no longer evident that well-functioning ports have automatically a net positive impact on the port-city. There are various trajectories and many ports and port-cities attempt to stimulate port-city development by a range of public policies. Yet, little is known about effectiveness of policies to promote performance of ports and port-cities. This paper aims at filling this gap, by assessing the effectiveness of port-city policies, within various policy areas including port development, port-city economic development, transportation, environment, research and development, spatial development and communication. This is done via a principal component analysis (PCA), based on a database constructed for the purpose of this paper with outcome variables and scores of policies for a set of 27 large world port-cities, that makes it possible to identify policies that are associated with effective policy outcomes and show patterns of related policy outcomes and policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Olaf Merk & Thai-Thanh Dang, 2013. "The Effectiveness of Port-City Policies: A Comparative Approach," OECD Regional Development Working Papers 2013/25, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:govaab:2013/25-en

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    policy evaluation; port development; port-cities; principal component analysis; transportation;

    JEL classification:

    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • L98 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Government Policy
    • R42 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government and Private Investment Analysis; Road Maintenance; Transportation Planning

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