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Greening Development Planning: A Review of Country Case Studies for Making the Economic Case for Improved Management of Environment and Natural Resources

  • Olof Drakenberg
  • Sandra Paulsen
  • Jessica Andersson
  • Emelie Dahlberg
  • Kristoffer Darin Mattsson
  • Elisabeth Wikstrom
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    Different approaches to making the economic case for improved management of natural capital in national planning are reviewed in this report. In many low-income countries natural resources sectors (agriculture, mining, forestry, fishery, nature-based tourism) are identified as the engines of economic growth. However, a majority of the ecosystems on which human well-being depends are being degraded. The difficulties in providing economic and policy-relevant information about sustainable economic management of natural capital are often seen as an important reason for inadequate integration of the environment in macroeconomic and sector polices. The report concludes that the analysed country studies (Lao People's Democratic Republic, Mozambique, Peru, Tajikistan and Uganda) mainly relied on existing domestic or international analytical work, used relatively basic calculations/data (such as the market value of fisheries, the value of timber sold etc.) and often formed part of a broader analytical effort. Ce rapport examine différentes approches pour défendre du point de vue économique l’amélioration de la gestion du capital naturel dans le cadre de la planification du développement national. Dans beaucoup de pays à faible revenu, les secteurs fondés sur les ressources naturelles (agriculture, activités extractives, foresterie, pêche, tourisme de nature) sont les moteurs de la croissance économique. Pourtant, la majorité des écosystèmes dont dépend le bien-être humain subissent des dégradations. On considère souvent que si l’environnement n’est pas convenablement pris en compte dans les politiques macro-économiques et sectorielles, c’est en grande partie parce qu’il est difficile de produire des informations économiques utiles à l’action des pouvoirs publics sur la gestion économique durable du capital naturel. Les études de cas par pays analysées pour ce rapport (qui concernent le Mozambique, l’Ouganda, le Pérou, la République démocratique populaire lao et le Tadjikistan) reposent principalement sur des travaux analytiques menés précédemment au niveau national ou international, font appel à des calculs et des données relativement simples (comme la valeur marchande des pêcheries, la valeur des ventes de bois, etc.) et s’inscrivent souvent dans une démarche analytique plus vaste.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/227348018366
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Environment Working Papers with number 5.

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    Date of creation: 26 Jan 2009
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:envaaa:5-en
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