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Child Labour in South Asia

Listed author(s):
  • Eric V. Edmonds

The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimates that 19% of children aged 5-14 in Asia and the Pacific are economically active (ILO, 2002). These 127.3 million children constitute 60% of all child labourers worldwide. The aim of this study is to better understand child labour in South Asia through in-depth case studies of the child labour experience in three countries: Nepal, Pakistan, and Vietnam. Several themes about child labour emerge in examining data from these three countries. First, any discussion of child labour needs to consider wage work as well as unpaid work including household production activities. Children who work in one type of activity are more likely to work in other activities as well. Thus, focusing on only one aspect of child employment seriously understates child labour supply. Second, there is some evidence of important substitutions of child and adult labour across different household activities that may be very costly for the welfare of the ... Selon les estimations de l’Organisation mondiale du travail (OIT), dans la région Asie-Pacifique, 19 % des enfants âgés de 5 à 14 ans exercent une activité économique (OIT, 2002). Ce chiffre, qui correspond à 127.3 millions d’enfants, représente 60 % de l’ensemble des petits travailleurs à l’échelle internationale. La présente étude a pour objectif de mieux comprendre le travail des enfants en Asie du Sud. Pour ce faire, des études de cas approfondies ont été effectuées à partir des constatations faites dans trois pays : le Népal, le Pakistan et le Viêt-Nam. Lorsqu’on examine les données provenant de ces trois pays, on peut dégager plusieurs aspects relatifs au travail des enfants. La présente étude constate que tout examen sur ce thème doit prendre en compte le travail rémunéré ainsi que le travail non rémunéré, y compris les activités de production domestique. La probabilité est plus grande que les enfants exerçant un type d’activité travaillent également dans d’autres ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers with number 5.

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Date of creation: 20 May 2003
Handle: RePEc:oec:elsaab:5-en
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