IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/oec/eduaab/18-en.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Employers' Perspectives on the Roles of Human Capital Development and Management in Creating Value

Author

Listed:
  • Bo Hansson

Abstract

Human capital – the productive capacity that is embedded in people – is one of the most important contributors to the growth in nations’ output and standard of living. Globalisation and technological change have increased the importance of human capital in recent years, to the point that there are now only two options to sustain high profits and high wages in developed nations: escalating the skill levels of individuals or developing superior capacity for managing those skills and “human capital” more broadly. Employers have responded to these new phenomena by increasing wages for employees with more skills and by increasing their use of downsizing and other methods (such as “offshoring”) intended to reduce labour costs. There is little evidence, however, that such efforts by employers have improved profits, productivity, or stock price performance. Employer-provided training for employees represents one method of improving the skill level of a nation’s workforce. Although long-standing economic theory suggests that existing incentives for employers and employees should naturally yield the delivery of an optimal level of training, there is new awareness of a variety of market failures that may be causing a sub-optimal level of training, despite evidence that points to a positive relationship between employer-provided training and firm outcomes (productivity, profitability, employee retention, customer retention, stock performance). Le capital humain – la capacité productive qui est une partie intégrante de chacun – est une des plus importantes contributions à la croissance économique et des niveaux de vie des nations. La mondialisation et les changements technologiques ont augmenté l’importance du capital humain ces dernières années, au point qu’il existe désormais seulement deux options pour maintenir des profits importants et de hauts salaires dans les pays développés : intensifier les niveaux de compétences des personnes ou développer une plus grande capacité à gérer ces compétences et le « capital humain » de façon plus étendue. Les employeurs ont répondu à ces nouveaux phénomènes en augmentant les salaires des employés plus qualifiés et en ayant plus souvent recours à la réduction de personnel et à d’autres méthodes (telles que le « offshoring ») dans le but de réduire le coût de la main-d’oeuvre. Il n’est cependant pas vraiment prouvé que de tels efforts de la part des employeurs aient augmenté les profits, la productivité ou encore les performances des résultats boursiers. La formation des employés fournie par les employeurs représente une méthode d’amélioration du niveau de compétences de la main d’oeuvre d’un pays. Bien qu’une théorie économique de longue date suggère que les motivations pour les employeurs et les employés devraient naturellement réaliser la provision d’un niveau de formation optimal, il a été récemment fait le constat d’une variété de failles du marché qui peut résulter à un niveau sous-optimal de la formation, malgré les preuves démontrant une relation positive entre la formation fournie par l’employeur et les résultats des entreprises (productivité, rentabilité, maintien des employés dans l’entreprise, maintien de la clientèle, résultats boursiers).

Suggested Citation

  • Bo Hansson, 2009. "Employers' Perspectives on the Roles of Human Capital Development and Management in Creating Value," OECD Education Working Papers 18, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:18-en
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/227353534651
    Download Restriction: no

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Daria Ciriaci, 2011. "Intangible resources: the relevance of training for European firms’ innovative performance," JRC Working Papers on Corporate R&D and Innovation 2011-06, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    2. Adeyemo, A. A. & Longe, M. P. & Alakoso, A. A., 2014. "Value Addition to Human Managerial Skills in the Livestock Sector in Nigeria," Asian Journal of Agriculture and rural Development, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 4(11), pages 510-514, November.

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:eduaab:18-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/deoecfr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.