IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Achieving the “Low Carbon, Green Growth” Vision in Korea


  • Randall S. Jones


  • Byungseo Yoo



Korea, which has had the highest growth rate of greenhouse gas emissions in the OECD area since 1990, adopted an ambitious Green Growth Strategy in 2009. It aims at reducing emissions by 30% by 2020 relative to a “business as usual” scenario, implying a 4% cut from the 2005 level. The Strategy also includes a Five-Year Plan with public spending of 2% of GDP per year to promote green growth. Korea is planning to establish a carbon price through a cap-and-trade emissions trading scheme. Such an approach, combined with a carbon tax in sectors not covered by the scheme, is necessary to reduce emissions in a cost-effective manner and foster innovation in green technology. In addition, each sector should face the same electricity price based on production costs to promote efficient energy use. Given market failures, the government has a role to play in green R&D, particularly for basic research, in fostering green finance and in developing renewable energy resources. Concrétiser le projet d'une « croissance verte et sobre en carbone » en Corée La Corée, qui affiche le plus fort taux d’accroissement des émissions de gaz à effet de serre de la zone OCDE depuis 1990, a adopté en 2009 une ambitieuse Stratégie de croissance verte. L’objectif est de réduire de 30 % les émissions d’ici à 2020 par rapport au scénario « au fil de l’eau », ce qui équivaut à une baisse de 4 % par rapport à leur niveau de 2005. La Stratégie institue également un Plan quinquennal qui prévoit les dépenses publiques correspondant à 2 % du PIB par an pour promouvoir la croissance verte. La Corée envisage de créer un prix du carbone grâce à la mise en place d’un système de plafonnement et d'échange de permis d'émissions. Une telle approche conjuguée à l’application d’une taxe carbone dans les secteurs non concernés par ce système est nécessaire pour abaisser les émissions de manière efficace et économe et stimuler l’innovation dans les technologies vertes. En outre, chaque secteur devrait se voir appliquer le même prix de l’électricité, fondé sur les coûts de production, afin de promouvoir une utilisation rationnelle de l’énergie. Compte tenu des défaillances du marché, les pouvoirs publics ont un rôle à jouer dans la R-D verte, notamment dans le domaine de la recherche fondamentale, dans la promotion de la finance verte et dans le développement des énergies renouvelables.

Suggested Citation

  • Randall S. Jones & Byungseo Yoo, 2012. "Achieving the “Low Carbon, Green Growth” Vision in Korea," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 964, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:964-en

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Willem Adema & Pauline Fron & Maxime Ladaique, 2011. "Is the European Welfare State Really More Expensive?: Indicators on Social Spending, 1980-2012; and a Manual to the OECD Social Expenditure Database (SOCX)," OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers 124, OECD Publishing.
    2. Lawrence M. Kahn, 2012. "Labor market policy: A comparative view on the costs and benefits of labor market flexibility," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 31(1), pages 94-110, December.
    3. Kang, Byung-Goo & Yun, Myeong-Su, 2008. "Changes in Korean Wage Inequality, 1980?2005," IZA Discussion Papers 3780, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Andrea Bassanini & Jørn Henrik Rasmussen & Stefano Scarpetta, 1999. "The Economic Effects of Employment-Conditional Income Support Schemes for the Low-Paid: An Illustration from a CGE Model Applied to Four OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 224, OECD Publishing.
    5. Isabell Koske & Jean-Marc Fournier & Isabelle Wanner, 2012. "Less Income Inequality and More Growth – Are They Compatible? Part 2. The Distribution of Labour Income," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 925, OECD Publishing.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    carbon tax; certificats verts; changement climatique; climate change; Corée; croissance verte; efficacité énergétique; electricity pricing; emissions trading system; energy efficiency; energy subsidies; environmental taxes; Five-Year Plan; green certificates; green growth; greenhouse gas emissions; Korea; Korean economy; National Strategy for Green Growth; Plan quinquennal; R&D; R-D; renewable energy; stratégie nationale pour la croissance verte; subventions d'énergie; système d'échange de permis d'émission; tarification de l’électricité; taxe carbone; taxes environmentales; économie coréenne; émissions de gaz à effet de serre; énergies renouvelables;

    JEL classification:

    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:964-en. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.