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Economics and the Environment: A Survey of Issues and Policy Options


  • Jon Nicolaisen


  • Peter Hoeller



Concerns over the pace, scope and causes of environmental degradation have led to a renewed interest in the way environmental and economic policies interact. This paper first reviews the main causes for excessive use of environmental resources in a market economy, and how governments may conduct policies to counter environmental degradation. The focus of the paper then shifts towards the implications of economic growth on overall wealth and the possibilities for preserving or expanding the basis of this wealth, particularly in relation to the notion of sustainable development. Finally, it examines policy options for limiting global environmental problems such as climate change, in particular as regards the trade-offs involved in curbing the use of fossil fuels ... Les inquiétudes concernant le rythme, l'étendue et les causes de la dégradation de l'environnement suscitent un intérêt renouvelé pour la façon dont les politiques environnementales et économiques interagissent. Dans un premier temps cette étude examine les principales causes de l'utilisation excessive des ressources de l'environnement dans une économie de marché et la façon dont les gouvernements peuvent mener des politiques pour contrecarrer la dégradation de l'environnement. Dans un deuxième temps, elle s'intéresse aux implications de la croissance économique sur la richesse globale et sur les possibilités de préserver ou d'accroître les fondements de cette richesse, en particulier en relation avec la notion de développement soutenable. La dernière partie porte sur les options politiques visant à limiter les problèmes globaux d'environnement tel que le changement climatique, en particulier en ce qui concerne les trade-offs qu'implique la maîtrise de l'utilisation des ...

Suggested Citation

  • Jon Nicolaisen & Peter Hoeller, 1990. "Economics and the Environment: A Survey of Issues and Policy Options," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 82, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:82-en
    DOI: 10.1787/658785422370

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    Cited by:

    1. F. Butter & H. Verbruggen, 1994. "Measuring the trade-off between economic growth and a clean environment," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 4(2), pages 187-208, April.
    2. Roland Colin, 1992. "Les stratégies économiques et financières de la protection de l'Environnement et du Développement durable: enjeux et perspectives," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(1), pages 101-139.
    3. Hatfield-Dodds, Steve, 2006. "The catchment care principle: A new equity principle for environmental policy, with advantages for efficiency and adaptive governance," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(3), pages 373-385, March.
    4. Simon James, 1999. "The future international tax environment and European tax harmonization: a personal view," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(4), pages 731-747.
    5. Hezron Mogaka & Samuel Gichere & Richard Davis & Rafik Hirji, 2006. "Climate Variability and Water Resource Degradation in Kenya : Improving Water Resources Development and Management," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7414.

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