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From Innovation Development to Implementation: Evidence from the Community Innovation Survey

Listed author(s):
  • Florence Jaumotte
  • Nigel Pain

Innovation surveys provide a broad measure of the successful commercial introduction of new product and process innovations. The dual purposes of this paper are to establish whether survey-based measures of innovation are related to more widely used intermediate measures, such as R&D and patents, and to identify the principal factors that affect the probability of successful innovation. Cross-country panel data is used from the third European Community Innovation Survey (CIS3), with allowance made for possible differences by firm size and by sector of activity. The survey measures of innovative activity and success are found to be positively correlated with past R&D and patenting, suggesting that factors affecting the development of innovations also affect their subsequent implementation. The availability of qualified personnel and private financing, less rigid product and labour market regulations, greater co-operation in the innovation process and public financial support are all found to be positively associated with the proportion of successful innovators for at least some sectors and firm sizes. Innovation in small firms is found to be more dependent on co-operation and the availability of finance than in larger firms. Du développement à la mise en oeuvre de l'innovation : Observations à partir de l'Enquête Communautaire sur l'Innovation Les enquêtes sur l’innovation fournissent une large mesure de l’introduction commerciale réussie de nouvelles innovations produits et procédés. Les objectifs de ce papier sont d’une part d’établir si les mesures de l’innovation basées sur ces enquêtes sont corrélées aux mesures intermédiaires de l’innovation plus couramment utilisées, telles que la R-D et les brevets ; et d’autre part d’identifier les principaux facteurs qui déterminent la probabilité d’innover avec succès. Les données de panel pays utilisées proviennent de la troisième Enquête Communautaire sur l’Innovation (CIS3), et permettent de différencier les résultats par taille d’entreprise et secteur d’activité. Les mesures d’enquête de l’activité et des succès d’innovation sont positivement corrélées avec la R-D et les brevets observés sur les années précédentes, suggérant que les facteurs qui affectent le développement des innovations déterminent également leur mise en oeuvre ultérieure. D’autre part, la disponibilité de personnel qualifié et de financement privé, une réglementation des marchés de produits et du travail peu restrictive, une plus grande coopération dans le processus d’innovation et l’aide publique financière sont toutes positivement associées à la proportion de firmes ayant innové avec succès, du moins pour certains secteurs et tailles d’entreprise. Enfin, l’innovation dans les petites entreprises est plus dépendante de la coopération et de la disponibilité de financement que dans les grandes entreprises.

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Economics Department Working Papers with number 458.

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Date of creation: 02 Dec 2005
Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:458-en
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