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Improving the Capacity to Innovate in Germany

Author

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  • Andrés Fuentes
  • Eckhard Wurzel
  • Margaret Morgan

Abstract

Key indicators show Germany belonging to the countries in the OECD with strong innovation activity even though some weakening in Germany’s position relative to other OECD countries has occurred recently. While the redirection of resources towards unification-related spending as well as low economic growth have contributed to this development, more fundamental structural issues have also played a role. Germany has benefited less than other high-performing countries from the surge in new technologies, such as ICT and biotechnology, as innovation activities continue to focus on sectors, such as machinery and automobiles, in which Germany has a long record of strong export performance. Some features of the regulation of capital, product and labour markets are hampering the supply of risk capital, the creation of new firms and the reallocation of labour. In addition, firms are finding it increasingly difficult to recruit highly qualified labour. Measures to improve the framework ... Selon les principaux indicateurs, l’Allemagne est l’un des pays de l’OCDE où l’activité d’innovation est soutenue, même si sa position relative s’est quelque peu dégradée ces derniers temps. Si ce phénomène peut s’expliquer en partie par un détournement des crédits vers les dépenses liées à l’unification et par la lenteur de la croissance économique, des facteurs structurels plus fondamentaux sont également intervenus. L’Allemagne a bénéficié moins que autres pays de l’explosion des nouvelles technologies, telles que les TIC et la biotechnologie, l’activité d’innovation restant axée sur les secteurs dans lesquels l’Allemagne obtient depuis longtemps de très bons résultats à l’exportation. Certaines caractéristiques de la réglementation des marchés des capitaux, des produits et du travail freinent l’offre de capital-risque, la création de nouvelles entreprises et la redistribution de la main-d’œuvre. De plus, les entreprises ont de plus en plus de mal à recruter des travailleurs ...

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés Fuentes & Eckhard Wurzel & Margaret Morgan, 2004. "Improving the Capacity to Innovate in Germany," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 407, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:407-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/115685830744
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    Keywords

    business taxes; changement technologique; competition; concurrence; croissance potentielle; droit de propriété intellectuelle; entrée des entreprises; firm entry; impôt aux entreprises; innovation; innovation; intellectual property rights; potential growth; productivity; productivité; recherche-développement; research and development; subsides; subsidies; technological change; tertiary education; éducation tertiaire;

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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