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Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Poland


  • Grzegorz Peszko
  • Patrick Lenain


This paper reviews several aspects of Poland’s environmental policies. Its main finding is that substantial progress has been made in dealing with the environmentally unfriendly legacy from the past. Poland has successfully combined emission permits based on environmental quality standards, emission fees and fines, public environmental subsidy schemes and widely publicised lists of the worst polluters. Other important factors of success were long-term time consistency, gradual tightening of enforcement and limited administrative discretion. Poland is now embarking on a fundamental revision of its instrument mix in order to respond to new environmental challenges typical of market economies, and to comply with the European Union environmental Directives. In this context, the challenge is to formulate a medium-term strategy that is both environmentally effective and market friendly. Pending legislative amendments, however, may not always live up to this challenge. New instruments ... Ce document examine plusieurs aspects de la politique de l’environnement de la Pologne. Sa conclusion principale est que des progrès significatifs ont été réalisés pour faire face à l'héritage environnemental encombrant du passé. La Pologne a combiné avec succès l'usage de permis d'émission basés sur des normes environnementales, des redevances et des amendes portant sur les émissions, des subventions publiques à l'environnement, et la publication de listes des pires pollueurs. D'autres facteurs importants de succès ont été la cohérence à long terme de la politique de l'environnement, le renforcement graduel de sa mise en application et le degré limité d'arbitraire dans les décisions administratives. La Pologne se lance désormais dans une refonte fondamentale de son dosage d'instruments afin de mieux répondre aux défis posés par le passage à une économie de marché, et afin de se mettre en conformité avec les Directives environnementales de l'Union européenne. Dans ce cadre, le ...

Suggested Citation

  • Grzegorz Peszko & Patrick Lenain, 2001. "Encouraging Environmentally Sustainable Growth in Poland," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 299, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:299-en

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    Cited by:

    1. World Bank, 2003. "Poland - Toward a Fiscal Framework for Growth : A Public Expenditure and Institutional Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 14868, The World Bank.
    2. Kiuila, Olga & Peszko, Grzegorz, 2006. "Sectoral and macroeconomic impacts of the large combustion plants in Poland: A general equilibrium analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 288-307, May.

    More about this item


    environment; environnement; Poland; Pologne;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - General
    • Q20 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - General
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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