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Non-standard contracts, flexibility and employment adjustment: Empirical evidence from Russian establishment data


  • Larisa Smirnykh

    (National Research University)

  • Andreas Wörgötter



This paper examines the use of two forms of non-standard work contracts in Russia with data from an enterprise survey for the years 2009 to 2011. Non-standard work contracts are less costly and more flexible for employers. Internal adjustment in form of wage cuts or unpaid leave is not covered by the Labour Code and earlier practices to impose such measures are less tolerated. Therefore more firms use non-standard work contracts for external flexibility. Statistical analysis shows that companies using non-standard work contracts have similar unobserved characteristics and consider fixed-term contracts and agency work as complements. The main concern for policy is the growing danger of duality following the asymmetric distribution of adjustment costs for workers. Contrats atypiques, flexibilité et ajustement de l'emploi : Enseignements tirés de données sur les établissements en Russie Cet article examine l'utilisation de deux formes de contrats de travail atypiques en Russie sur la base d'une enquête réalisée auprès des entreprises de 2009 à 2011. Les contrats de travail atypiques sont moins coûteux et plus flexibles pour les employeurs. Les ajustements internes sous la forme de réductions de salaires ou de congés sans solde ne sont pas couverts par le Code du travail et les pratiques antérieures visant à imposer de telles mesures sont moins tolérées. Par conséquent davantage d'entreprises utilisent des contrats de travail atypiques pour accroître leur flexibilité externe. L'analyse statistique montre que les entreprises utilisant des contrats de travail atypiques ont des caractéristiques non observées similaires et considèrent les contrats à durée déterminée et le travail intérimaire comme des compléments. Une préoccupation du point de vue des politiques publiques est le risque croissant de dualisme lié à une distribution asymétrique des coûts d'ajustement pour les travailleurs.

Suggested Citation

  • Larisa Smirnykh & Andreas Wörgötter, 2015. "Non-standard contracts, flexibility and employment adjustment: Empirical evidence from Russian establishment data," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1253, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1253-en

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    employment level; labour contracts; labour turnover; Russia;

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