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Getting Irish Youth on the Job Track

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  • Alberto González Pandiella

    (OECD)

Abstract

Irish youth was hit hard by the crisis. Many young workers have remained unemployed for a long time and, unless it is tackled promptly, this issue will become one of the most enduring legacies of the recession. New labourmarket policy initiatives have been introduced recently, but more will be needed to limit scarring effects and keep youth connected so that they can get back to work as soon as the recovery strengthens. For many young workers learning new skills is the way to get ready. The Irish economy is shifting away from bricks and mortar towards knowledge-based services, and those previously employed in construction-related activities need to acquire the skills and competencies required in these expanding sectors. For those who have already drifted into more marginalised environments, a longer process of rehabilitation will be necessary to escape poverty and social exclusion. This chapter recommends focusing limited fiscal resources on policies empirically-proven to help regain employment; this will require systematic and rigorous evaluation of labour-market programmes and policy decisions to close down ineffective schemes while strengthening successful ones. Favoriser l'emploi des jeunes en Irlande En Irlande, les jeunes ont été durement touchés par la crise. Le chômage de longue durée frappe un grand nombre d’entre eux : si les autorités ne s’attaquent pas rapidement à ce problème, il pourrait devenir l’une des conséquences les plus durables de la récession. De nouvelles politiques actives du marché du travail ont été lancées récemment mais il faudra faire plus pour limiter les effets stigmatisants du chômage des jeunes et les préparer à reprendre un emploi dès que la reprise sera plus solide. Pour se préparer, la solution pour de nombreux jeunes travailleurs consiste à acquérir de nouvelles compétences. L’économie irlandaise se détourne progressivement des secteurs d’activité traditionnels au profit des services fondés sur le savoir : ceux qui travaillaient auparavant dans le secteur de la construction doivent donc désormais acquérir les qualifications requises dans ces secteurs d’activité en expansion. Pour les plus marginalisés, un processus de réadaptation plus long sera nécessaire afin d’échapper à la pauvreté et à l’exclusion sociale. Il est recommandé de cibler les ressources budgétaires limitées sur les politiques les plus efficaces en matière de retour à l’emploi, ce qui passe par une évaluation systématique et rigoureuse des programmes du marché du travail et par des choix stratégiques pour mettre un terme aux programmes inefficaces et redéployer les ressources vers les programmes les plus performants.

Suggested Citation

  • Alberto González Pandiella, 2013. "Getting Irish Youth on the Job Track," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1101, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1101-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5k3twr9k6s7h-en
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    Keywords

    apprenticeships; apprentissage; chômage; disadvantaged youth; education; emploi ou formation; employment; entreprenariat des jeunes; Ireland; Irlande; jeunes; labour market programmes; labour markets; marché du travail; not in Education; unemployment; vocational education; youth; youth entrepreneurship; éducation; éducation professionnelle;

    JEL classification:

    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J60 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - General
    • J88 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Public Policy

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