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Measuring Gender (In)equality: Introducing the Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base (GID)


  • Johannes P. Jütting
  • Christian Morrisson
  • Jeff Dayton-Johnson
  • Denis Drechsler


Efforts to establish, test and analyse hypotheses regarding cross-country variations in women’s economic status are hampered by the lack of a readily accessible and easily used information resource on the various dimensions of gender inequality. Addressing this gap, this paper introduces the Gender, Institutions and Development database (GID) of the OECD Development Centre. The GID constitutes an important improvement upon existing sources, notably because it incorporates institutional variables related to norms, laws, codes of conduct, customs, and family traditions that heretofore have been neglected in quantitative comparative studies. To illustrate the utility of the GID, the paper models the determinants of women’s participation in the labour force – an indicator of gender equality as well as an important ingredient for long-run economic growth – and demonstrates that the economic role of women hinges critically on variations in discriminatory social institutions. Les efforts pour établir, tester, et analyser les hypothèses relatives aux différences de statut économique des femmes entre les pays sont entravés par le manque d'informations disponibles sur-le-champ et faciles à utiliser sur les divers aspects de l'inégalité entre les sexes. Afin de combler cette lacune, ce document présente la base de données sur l’Égalité homme-femme, les Institutions et le Développement (EID) du Centre de développement de l'OCDE. La base EID représente une amélioration importante par rapport aux sources qui existent, en particulier parce qu'elle comprend des variables institutionnelles relatives aux normes, aux lois , aux codes de conduite, aux coutumes et aux traditions familiales qui avaient été négligées dans les études comparatives quantitatives. Pour illustrer l'utilité de cette base, ce document introduit dans un modèle les facteurs de la participation des femmes au marché du travail - celle-ci constitue un indicateur de l'égalité entre les sexes aussi bien qu'un élément important pour la croissance économique à long terme – et démontre que le rôle économique des femmes dépend d'une manière critique des différences entre les institutions sociales en matière de discrimination selon le sexe.

Suggested Citation

  • Johannes P. Jütting & Christian Morrisson & Jeff Dayton-Johnson & Denis Drechsler, 2006. "Measuring Gender (In)equality: Introducing the Gender, Institutions and Development Data Base (GID)," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 247, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:247-en

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    Cited by:

    1. Bérenger Bérenger & Audrey Chouchane, 2008. "Working Paper 94 - Des inégalités de genre à l’indice de qualité de vie des femmes," Working Paper Series 229, African Development Bank.
    2. AfDB AfDB, 2008. "Working Paper 94 - Des inégalités de genre à l’indice de qualité de vie des femmes," Working Paper Series 2227, African Development Bank.
    3. AfDB AfDB, 2008. "Working Paper 94 - Des inégalités de genre à l’indice de qualité de vie des femmes," Working Paper Series 2307, African Development Bank.
    4. Rosalia Castellano & Antonella Rocca, 2014. "Gender gap and labour market participation: A composite indicator for the ranking of European countries," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 35(3), pages 345-367, May.

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