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Pension Fund Investment in Hedge Funds

  • Fiona Stewart
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    Having outlined the potential concerns relating to pension fund investment in hedge funds, the OECD carried out a survey to investigate what information pension fund regulators have on these investments and how they are being controlled. The survey confirms that pension fund regulators have little information regarding how pension funds in their jurisdiction are investing in hedge fund products (in terms of size of investments, the types of hedge funds pension funds are exposed and to what type of product). Only the Slovak Republic and Mexico (for the mandatory system) prevent pension funds from investing in hedge funds. Although the level of such investment is still very low in other countries, it is almost universally expected to increase. Few countries impose specific quantitative investment restrictions on pension fund investment in hedge funds, with most regulators exercising control via general investment restrictions and requirements (for diversification, transparency, through the prudent person rule etc.). Some regulators have provided pension funds with further guidance as how to handle these instruments. In terms of policy issues, most concern centre around financial risk control and how to improve transparency and disclosure in relation to these investments. Les investissements des fonds de pension dans les hedge funds Après avoir décrit les problèmes potentiels liés aux investissement des fonds de pension dans les hedges funds, l'OCDE a lancé une enquête pour savoir de quelles informations les régulateurs des fonds de pension disposent sur ces investissements et comment ils sont contrôlés. Une étude récente de l’OCDE confirme que les instances de réglementation des fonds de pension ont peu d’informations sur les investissements des fonds de pension relevant de leur juridiction en produits de hedge funds (taille des investissements, types de hedge funds auxquels les fonds de pension sont exposés et types de produits). Il n’y a qu’en République slovaque et au Mexique (pour le système obligatoire) qu’il est interdit aux fonds de pension d’investir dans les hedge funds. Le niveau de ce type d’investissement est certes encore très limité dans les autres pays, mais on s’attend presque partout qu’il augmente. Peu de pays imposent des restrictions quantitatives spécifiques aux investissements des fonds de pension dans les hedge funds, la plupart des instances de réglementation exerçant leur pouvoir de contrôle par le biais de restrictions et d’exigences d’ordre général (diversification, transparence, règle de la personne prudente, etc.). Certaines instances de réglementation, toutefois, ont communiqué des orientations complémentaires aux fonds de pension sur la façon de traiter ces instruments. Dans l’optique gouvernementale, l’essentiel des préoccupations porte sur la maîtrise du risque financier et la façon d’améliorer la transparence et la divulgation d’informations concernant ces investissements.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/086456868358
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    Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Working Papers on Insurance and Private Pensions with number 12.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2007
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    Handle: RePEc:oec:dafaab:12-en
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