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Means Testing and Retirement Choices in Europe: A Comparison of the British and Danish Systems

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  • Dr Justin van de Ven

Abstract

We develop a simulation model of household behaviour in which both the consumption/saving and labour/leisure choices are endogenous. This model is used to explore the effects of the UK and Danish state tax and benefit systems on the labour supply of old and older workers. We find that, in broad terms, differences in labour force participation can be accounted for by differences in benefit structures. Furthermore, our simulations suggest that the UK system is preferred by young people while the Danish arrangement Ñ which imposes a larger tax burden and provides larger welfare benefits Ñ is chosen by old and older people. Notably, older people are in the majority in the simulated population. The Danish system does not promote notably greater equality over the life-time, but it does underpin a higher level of consumption for old and older people.

Suggested Citation

  • Dr Justin van de Ven, 2005. "Means Testing and Retirement Choices in Europe: A Comparison of the British and Danish Systems," National Institute of Economic and Social Research (NIESR) Discussion Papers 252, National Institute of Economic and Social Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:nsr:niesrd:252
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    Cited by:

    1. Aaron George Grech, 2018. "What Makes Pension Reforms Sustainable?," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(8), pages 1-12, August.
    2. Woodland, A., 2016. "Taxation, Pensions, and Demographic Change," Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, in: Piggott, John & Woodland, Alan (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Population Aging, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 0, pages 713-780, Elsevier.

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