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Accounting for technology, trade and final consumption in employment: an Input-Output decomposition


  • M. PAK





What are the driving forces of changes in employment in France over the last thirty years and how can we explain skill-biased changes in employment? Based on Input-Output analysis we provide a decomposition of changes in employment between the contributions of three channels : technology, trade and final consumption. Our goal is to assess these contributions to employment changes by skill level over the period 1982-2010. Our analysis builds on textbook methodologies of structural decomposition, but innovative data: INSEEs Input-Output tables both in current and previous year prices, based on the new ESA2010 concepts. Our main findings are that technology shows marked skill-bias, whereas trade and final consumption have limited skill-bias effects. The development of high-technology manufacturing and R&D over the last thirty years mainly contributes to this skill-biased change in employment. We find a positive contribution of trade to employment at every skill level.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Pak & A. Poissonnier, 2016. "Accounting for technology, trade and final consumption in employment: an Input-Output decomposition," Documents de Travail de l'Insee - INSEE Working Papers g2016-11, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:nse:doctra:g2016-11

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    Cited by:

    1. Ch-M. CHEVALIER & A. LUCIANI, 2018. "Computerization, labor productivity and employment: impacts across industries vary with technological level," Documents de Travail de l'Insee - INSEE Working Papers g2018-02, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques.
    2. repec:nse:ecosta:ecostat_2017_497-498_7 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hugues Jennequin & Luis Miotti & El Mouhoub Mouhoud, 2017. "Measurement and anticipation of territorial vulnerability to offshoring risks : An analysis on sectoral data for France," Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics, Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques (INSEE), issue 497-498, pages 123-144.
    4. Andrzej Toroj, 2018. "Generation of regional input-output tables: a spatial econometric approach with illustrative simulations for France,Germany and Poland," Working Papers 2018-037, Warsaw School of Economics, Collegium of Economic Analysis.

    More about this item


    Input-Output analysis; structural decomposition; employment; skill-bias; technology; trade; final consumption;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • D57 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Input-Output Tables and Analysis
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes


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