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Does Financial Deepening Improve Income Distribution? A Dynamic Panel Analysis on Developing Countries

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Abstract

This study examines the dynamic effects of financial deepening on income distribution of 35 developing countries during the past two decades of 1980-2000. For this purpose, three existing alternative hypotheses concerning the finance-inequality nexus are tested based on the newly assembled measure of income distribution. The empirical results based on the dynamic panel data technique of General Method of Movement (GMM) suggest that financial deepening significantly reduces income inequality in developing countries. This evidence supports the hypothesis of inequality-narrowing in general. Nonetheless, income inequality responds differently to different financial factors. While the impact is significant from the banking sector, the equity market has no important role to play in this regard. The inverted U-shape finance-inequality relationship is not observed in these nations; instead, a U-shape relationship is detected. These results show that financial deepening reduces income inequality when the private sector credit of the country is below a threshold level. Countries with private sector credit higher than the threshold, on the other hand, will tend to experience a deterioration of their income inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Hui-Boon Tan & Siong-Hook Law, 2009. "Does Financial Deepening Improve Income Distribution? A Dynamic Panel Analysis on Developing Countries," NUBS Malaysia Campus Research Paper Series 2009-01, Nottingham University Business School Malaysia Campus.
  • Handle: RePEc:nom:nubsmc:2009-01
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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Shahbaz & Faridul Islam, 2011. "Financial Development And Income Inequality In Pakistan: An Application Of Ardl Approach," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 36(1), pages 35-58, March.
    2. Ahmed, Azleen Rosemy & Masih, Mansur, 2017. "What is the link between financial development and income inequality? evidence from Malaysia," MPRA Paper 79416, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial deepening; Income inequality; Gini coefficient; Dynamic panel analysis; GMM;

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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