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An Introduction to School-To-Work Programs in the NLSY97: How Prevalent are They, and Which Youths do They Serve?


  • David Neumark
  • Mary Joyce


In the wake of the 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act (STWOA), we introduce and study two new data sources to estimate the extent to which school-to-work programs have been implemented in U.S. high schools, and the extent to which high school students are participating in these programs. The first data source, the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 (NLSY97), provides information directly form students on whether they participated in these programs. The second source, the 1996 School Administrators's Survey, was administered to schools attended by NLSY97 interviewees, and provides information directly from schools on whether they offered any school-to-work programs. Findings from the 1996 School Administrator's Survey show that school-to-work programs are commonly offered, with over 60 percent of schools providing at least one such program. Findings from the NLSY97 show that a fair number of high school students participate in school-to-work programs, with about 38 percent of students reporting participation in at least one program. The findings concerning whether schools with disadvantaged student populations are more likely to offer school-to-work programs, or whether less-advantaged students are more likely to participate in these programs, are mixed.

Suggested Citation

  • David Neumark & Mary Joyce, 2000. "An Introduction to School-To-Work Programs in the NLSY97: How Prevalent are They, and Which Youths do They Serve?," NBER Working Papers 7733, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7733
    Note: CH LS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cellini, Stephanie Riegg, 2006. "Smoothing the transition to college? The effect of Tech-Prep programs on educational attainment," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(4), pages 394-411, August.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination

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