Industry-Specific Capiatl and the Wage Profile: Evidence from the NLSY and the PSID
Using data from the NLSY (1979-1991) and from the PSID (1981-1987), l seek to determine whether there is any net positive return to tenure with the current employer once we control for industry-specific capital. Using data from the PSID, Topel (JPE 1991) concluded that 10 years of seniority with an employer translated into a net return of about 25%. However, once 1 include total experience in the industry as an additional explanatory variable, the return to seniority is markedly reduced when 1 use GLS while it virtually disappears when I use IV-GLS, although this conclusion varies somewhat according to the occupation category. Note also that this result holds whether the analysis is carried out at the 1-digit or 3-digit levels. Therefore, it seems that what matters most for the wage profile in terms of human capital is not so much firm-specificity but industry-specificity. In other words, for these two samples of workers, the wage formation process appears to be quite competitive.
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- Abraham, Katharine G & Farber, Henry S, 1987.
"Job Duration, Seniority, and Earnings,"
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- Finnie, R., 1993. "Tenure Experience, and Men's and Women's Wages: Panel Estimates from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth," Papers 9305, Laval - Recherche en Politique Economique.
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- Joseph G. Altonji & Robert A. Shakotko, 1987. "Do Wages Rise with Job Seniority?," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 54(3), pages 437-459.
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