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Infractions Au Code De La Securite Routiere, Infractions Au Code Criminel, Et Gestion Optimale De La Securite Routiere


  • BOYER, M.
  • DIONNE, G.


In this article, we study the statistical relationships between individual probabilities of accidents and both different infractions to the Quebec Code of Road Safety and some infractions to the Criminal Code which carry a suspension of the driving permit. We propose new tables of demerit points based on marginal variations in the individual probabilities of accidents obtained from regression analysis and we compare our results to the Quebec official table (1987). We show among other results that infractions for excessive speed should be less penalized, that infractions associated to impaired (alcohol) driving and to illegal passing of school buses imply high probabilities of accident, and that drivers with no infractions represent relatively low accident risks. Our results can be used to improve the management of road safety. We propose three different methods in this article. Each can be viewed either as a substitute or a complement to risk-based pricing of car insurance. Dans cet article, nous étudions les relations statistiques entre les probabilités individuelles d’accidents et les diverses infractions au Code de la sécurité routière et certaines infractions au Code criminel entraînant des révocations-suspensions du permis de conduire. Nous construisons des tables de points d’inaptitude reflétant les variations marginales de probabilité d’accidents obtenues à partir de nos résultats statistiques et nous les comparons à la table des points d’inaptitude en vigueur au Québec en 1987. Nous montrons entre autres que les infractions pour vitesse excessive devraient être pénalisées moins lourdement, que les infractions reliées à la consommation d’alcool et au dépassement illégal d’autobus scolaires impliquent des probabilités d’accidents très élevées, et que les conducteurs ayant un dossier d’infractions vierge représentent des risques d’accidents beaucoup moins élevés. Nos résultats statistiques pourraient être utilisés de plusieurs façons afin d’améliorer la gestion
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Suggested Citation

  • Boyer, M. & Dionne, G. & Vanasse, C., 1990. "Infractions Au Code De La Securite Routiere, Infractions Au Code Criminel, Et Gestion Optimale De La Securite Routiere," Cahiers de recherche 9024, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtl:montec:9024

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Balassa, Bela, 1978. "Exports and economic growth : Further evidence," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 181-189, June.
    2. Michaely, Michael, 1977. "Exports and growth : An empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(1), pages 49-53, February.
    3. Anthony P. Thirlwall, 2011. "The Balance of Payments Constraint as an Explanation of International Growth Rate Differences," PSL Quarterly Review, Economia civile, vol. 64(259), pages 429-438.
    4. Feder, Gershon, 1983. "On exports and economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1-2), pages 59-73.
    5. Heller, Peter S. & Porter, Richard C., 1978. "Exports and growth : An empirical re-investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(2), pages 191-193, June.
    6. Balassa, Bela, 1985. "Exports, policy choices, and economic growth in developing countries after the 1973 oil shock," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 23-35.
    7. Findlay, Ronald, 1984. "Growth and development in trade models," Handbook of International Economics,in: R. W. Jones & P. B. Kenen (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 4, pages 185-236 Elsevier.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hultkrantz, Lars & Nilsson, Jan-Eric & Arvidsson, Sara, 2012. "Voluntary internalization of speeding externalities with vehicle insurance," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 46(6), pages 926-937.


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