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The Nexus between Schooling and Growth: International Evidence since 1870


  • Jakob B. Madsen
  • Isfaaq Timol


The growth effects of schooling are often assumed to be exaggerated because of feedback effects from growth to schooling. This paper investigates the nexus between productivity growth and schooling at different levels using a sample of 19 OECD countries over the period 1870 to 2006. The empirical estimates show 1) that schooling is independent of expected growth and most other variables that are associated with the present value of schooling; 2) a one-way causality from schooling to growth; and 3) that the growth effects of schooling are increased rather than reduced when schooling is instrumented.

Suggested Citation

  • Jakob B. Madsen & Isfaaq Timol, 2010. "The Nexus between Schooling and Growth: International Evidence since 1870," Monash Economics Working Papers 40-10, Monash University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mos:moswps:2010-40

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    Schooling and growth; endogenous growth models; reverse causality;

    JEL classification:

    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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