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Politiques actives du marché du travail en Afrique : un cadre d'analyse théorique

Listed author(s):
  • Adama Zerbo

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

Ce travail s’est fixé pour objectif de formuler des fondements théoriques des politiques actives du marché du travail en Afrique. En s’appuyant sur la théorie des trajectoires notionnelles, un modèle dynamique de l’emploi a été développé. L’analyse du modèle montre que lorsque la population active adopte des stratégies évolutives d’offre de travail, la dynamique de l’emploi est positive, par contre lorsqu’elle adopte des stratégies de subsistance sur le marché du travail, la dynamique de l’emploi est négative ; l’économie s’installe dans un cercle vicieux de sous-emploi. Dans une telle situation, la mise en œuvre de politiques actives du marché du travail est nécessaire pour rompre le cercle vicieux ou inverser la tendance négative de l’emploi. This paper aimed to formulate theoretical analysis framework of actives labour market policies in Africa. Based on the theory of notional trajectories, a dynamic model of employment has been developed. Analysis of this model shows that when labour force adopts progressive strategies of labour supply, dynamics of employment is positive. By cons when labour force adopts subsistence strategies on the labour market, dynamics of employment is negative, therefore national economy moves into vicious circle of underemployment. In such situation, implementation of actives labour market policies is needed to break the vicious circle or reverse negative trend of employment.(Full text in french)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 154.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: May 2010
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:154
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  1. Adama Zerbo, 2006. "Marché du crédit et travail décent au Burkina Faso," Documents de travail 133, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
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