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Industrial Policy and Artisan Firms in Italy, 1945-1981

  • Giuseppe Maria Longoni

    ()

  • Alberto Rinaldi

    ()

This paper shows that after the Second World War the Italian state carried out an artisanship policy (that is, for the smallest firms) of an extent that was unparalleled in Europe. This policy was based on the provision, on the one hand, of lower tax and employers' contributions and welfare benefits at reduced premiums and, on the other hand, of 'substitutive factors': soft loans, services and promotional initiatives by state agencies. Such an artisan policy played a twofold role: partly 'defensive', protecting a segment of marginal firms, and partly 'proactive', prompting modernisation and innovation of more promising firms. The latter were clustered especially in the industrial district of the centre and north-easte of the country, whose development turned out to be boosted to a significant extent by state intervention.

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File URL: http://www.recent.unimore.it/wp/RECent-wp25.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Modena and Reggio E., Dept. of Economics "Marco Biagi" in its series Center for Economic Research (RECent) with number 025.

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Length: pages 27
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:mod:recent:025
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.recent.unimore.it/

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  1. Anna Spadavecchia, 2005. "Financing Industrial Districts in Italy, 1971-91: A Private Venture?," Business History, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(4), pages 569-593.
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