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Does International Migration Increase Child Labor

  • Anna DePaoli
  • Mariapia Mendolat
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    Global international migration may influence child labor through a labor market effect. We empirically investigate this issue by using an original cross-country survey dataset, which combines information on international emigration flows with detailed individual-level data on child labor at age 5-15 in a wide range of developing countries. By using variation in the emigration supply shocks across labor market units defined on the basis of both geography and skill, we estimate a set of child labor equations where the variable of interest is the interactive effect between parental skill and country-level emigration shocks. We measure the latter through different indicators including a direct measure of the relative skill composition of emigrants relative to the resident population in the country of origin. Overall, after controlling for a large set of individual-level characteristics, remittances, and country fixed effects, our findings are consistent with predictions and show that international out-migration may significantly reduce child labor in disadvantaged households through changes in the local labor market.

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    File URL: http://dipeco.economia.unimib.it/repec/pdf/mibwpaper231.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 231.

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    Length: 63
    Date of creation: Feb 2013
    Date of revision: Feb 2013
    Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:231
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