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The Optimum Structure for Government Debt

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  • Kuhle, Wolfgang

    () (Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA))

Abstract

This paper studies the structural differences between implicit and explicit government debt in a two-generations-overlapping model with stochastic factor-prices. If a government can issue safe bonds and new claims to wage-indexed social security to service a given initial obligation, there exists a set of Pareto-efficient ways to do so. This set is characterized by the conflicting interests of the current young and the yet unborn generations regarding the allocation of factor-price risks. However, it is shown that there will always exist a simple intertemporal compensation mechanism which allows to reconcile these conflicting interests. This compensation mechanism narrows the set of Pareto-efficient debt structures until only one remains. This result hinges on the double-incomplete markets structure of stochastic OLG models where households can neither trade consumption loans nor factor-price risks privately.

Suggested Citation

  • Kuhle, Wolfgang, 2010. "The Optimum Structure for Government Debt," MEA discussion paper series 09194, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:mea:meawpa:09194
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Krueger, Dirk & Ludwig, Alexander, 2007. "On the consequences of demographic change for rates of returns to capital, and the distribution of wealth and welfare," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, pages 49-87.
    2. Axel Börsch-Supan & Martin Gasche & Michael Ziegelmeyer, 2010. "Auswirkungen der Finanzkrise auf die private Altersvorsorge," Perspektiven der Wirtschaftspolitik, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 11(4), pages 383-406, November.
    3. Ziegelmeyer, Michael, 2009. "Documentation of the logical imputation using the panel structure of the 2003-2008 German SAVE Survey," Papers 08-41, Sonderforschungsbreich 504.
    4. Daniel Schunk, 2008. "A Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for multiple imputation in large surveys," AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, Springer;German Statistical Society, vol. 92(1), pages 101-114, February.
    5. Imrohoroglu, Ayse, 2007. "Consequences of demographic change for rates of returns to capital, and the distribution of wealth and welfare: A comment," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 88-91, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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