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Explaining the Employability Gap of Short-term and Long-term Unemployed Persons

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  • Stephan L. Thomsen

    (Faculty of Economics and Management, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the determinants of employability di erences between short-term and long-term unemployed persons. Knowing these di erences could help to address active labor market policy programs more adequately to the needs of the job-seekers in order to increase integration rates into employment. Based on merged survey and register data di erences in job nding chances of these groups are decomposed into a part due to di erences in attributes and a part due to di erences in valuing the attributes. The estimates clarify that current active labor market programs do not address important factors of employment. Particularly, health of the job seekers, limitations in the working ability and obstacles to employment comprising drug abuse, nancial debts or care obligations for children or frail elderly play a signi cant role for successful placement. The conclusion is that policy makers should integrate these issues in the placement process.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan L. Thomsen, 2008. "Explaining the Employability Gap of Short-term and Long-term Unemployed Persons," FEMM Working Papers 08018, Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Faculty of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:mag:wpaper:08018
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sabine Klinger & Thomas Rothe, 2012. "The Impact of Labour Market Reforms and Economic Performance on the Matching of the Short‐term and the Long‐term Unemployed," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 59(1), pages 90-114, February.
    2. Sergio Firpo & Sandro Carvalho & Renan Pieri, 2016. "Using occupational structure to measure employability with an application to the Brazilian labor market," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 14(1), pages 1-19, March.
    3. Vom Berge, Philipp & Klingert, Isabell & Becker, Sebastian & Lenhart, Julia & Trenkle, Simon & Umkehrer, Matthias, 2016. "Mindestlohnbegleitforschung - Überprüfung der Ausnahmeregelung für Langzeitarbeitslose : Forschungsauftrag des Bundesministeriums für Arbeit und Soziales (BMAS)," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201608, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    4. Klingert, Isabell & Lenhart, Julia & Büschel, Ulrike & Daumann, Volker & Strien, Karsten, 2017. "Jobcenter-Strategien zur Arbeitsmarktintegration von Langzeitarbeitslosen," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201703, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    5. Tisch, Anita, 2015. "The employability of older job-seekers: Evidence from Germany," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 6(C), pages 102-112.
    6. Martijn A Wijnhoven & Harriët Havinga, 2014. "The Work Profiler: A digital instrument for selection and diagnosis of the unemployed," Local Economy, London South Bank University, vol. 29(6-7), pages 740-749, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    unemployment; employability; self-reported job chances; active labor market policy; decompo- sition; Germany;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General

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