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The Evaluation of Standard of Living and the Role of Household Electricity Consumption - A Panel Cointegration Analysis


  • Roselyne Joyeux

    () (Department of Economics, Macquarie University)

  • Ronald D. Ripple

    () (Department of Economics, Macquarie University)


This research takes the analysis of the relationship between energy and income in a different direction than prior research, and it introduces a new set of analytical tools to the area. The results of our research are important because they raise additional questions about the effectiveness of income as a proxy indicator for standard of living, and these conclusions are supported by the use of more powerful analytical techniques. Our paper employs state-of-the-art econometric time series panel techniques to evaluate the nature of the relationship between income measures and energy consumption measures for seven East Indian Ocean countries. The fundamental premise of our research is that energy consumption at the household/residential level is a key indicator of the standard of living for the residents of a country. The general finding of the paper is that income and household electricity consumption measures are not cointegrated. Given this finding we conclude that standard of living measures/indexes that rely on income measures and do not directly include householdlevel energy consumption information will necessarily miss important indications of both levels and changes of standard of living.

Suggested Citation

  • Roselyne Joyeux & Ronald D. Ripple, 2004. "The Evaluation of Standard of Living and the Role of Household Electricity Consumption - A Panel Cointegration Analysis," Research Papers 0410, Macquarie University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:mac:wpaper:0410

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    Cited by:

    1. Kumar Narayan, Paresh & Smyth, Russell, 2007. "Are shocks to energy consumption permanent or temporary? Evidence from 182 countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 333-341, January.
    2. P. S. Sanju & P. S. Nirmala & M. Ramachandran, 2011. "Are dividend and investment decisions separable?," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(20), pages 1515-1524.

    More about this item


    Standard of living; energy consumption; panel cointegration.;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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