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Sind mittelständische Betriebe der Jobmotor der deutschen Wirtschaft?

Author

Listed:
  • Joachim Wagner

    () (Institute of Economics, Leuphana University of Lüneburg)

  • Lena Koller

    () (Chair of Labour and Regional Economics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg)

  • Claus Schnabel

    () (Chair of Labour and Regional Economics, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg)

Abstract

In public discussion in Germany it is often argued that jobs are mainly created in small and medium-sized firms (i.e. the “Mittelstand”), whereas large firms tend to reduce their number of jobs. An empirical analysis for the period 1999 to 2005 with data of all western and eastern German firms that have at least one employee covered by social insurance shows that the “job engine Mittelstand” hypothesis is too undifferenciated. While small and medium-sized firms contribute more than proportionally to job growth, they are also heavily involved in job losses. In contrast, large firms with 250 employees and more record shares of job growth and destruction which are lower than their share in employment. This implies that economic policy measures which focus on certain size classes of firms cannot be justified by superior employment growth in these size classes.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Wagner & Lena Koller & Claus Schnabel, 2007. "Sind mittelständische Betriebe der Jobmotor der deutschen Wirtschaft?," Working Paper Series in Economics 71, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:71
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    Cited by:

    1. Markus Groth, 2008. "Private ex-ante transaction costs for repeated biodiversity conservation auctions: a case study," Working Paper Series in Economics 84, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    2. Markus Groth, 2008. "Kosteneffizienter und effektiver Biodiversitätsschutz durch Ausschreibungen und eine ergebnisorientierte Honorierung: Das Modelprojekt „Blühendes Steinburg“," Working Paper Series in Economics 105, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    3. Bauer, Thomas K. & Schmucker, Alexandra & Vorell, Matthias, 2008. "KMU und Arbeitsplatzdynamik: Eine Analyse auf Basis der Beschäftigten-Historik (SMEs and employment dynamics: an analysis based on the Employee History)," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 41(2/3), pages 199-221.
    4. Haunschild, Ljuba & May-Strobl, Eva, 2009. "Arbeitsplatzdynamik und nachhaltige Beschäftigungswirkungen in kleinen und mittleren Unternehmen: Eine empirische Untersuchung auf Basis des Umsatzsteuerpanels für die Jahre 2001 bis 2005," Working Papers 06/09, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    5. Markus Groth, 2008. "An empirical examination of repeated auctions for biodiversity conservation contracts," Working Paper Series in Economics 78, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    6. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:41:i:2/3:p:199-221 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Maik Heinemann, 2008. "Messung und Darstellung von Ungleichheit," Working Paper Series in Economics 108, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
    8. Müller, Steffen & Dettmann, Eva & Fackler, Daniel & Neuschäffer, Georg & Slavtchev, Viktor & Leber, Ute & Schwengler, Barbara, 2017. "Produktivitätsunterschiede zwischen West- und Ostdeutschland und mögliche Erklärungsfaktoren : Ergebnisse aus dem IAB-Betriebspanel 2016," IAB-Forschungsbericht 201716, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • L80 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - General

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