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Currency Unions and International Integration: Evidence from the CFA and the ECCU


  • David Fielding


  • Kalvinder Shields


In this paper we develop a model to identify real exchange rate and output shocks in the African CFA Franc Zone and in Dollar-pegging Caribbean countries (including members of the East Caribbean Currency Union). These two groups of countries each comprise states using several different local currencies: on the one hand the BCEAOCFA Franc and the BEAC-CFA Franc (both pegged to the Euro), on the other the ECCU Dollar and other national Dollar-pegged currencies. The purpose of the analysis is to distinguish the effect of monetary union on macroeconomic integration from the effect of pegging to a common OECD currency.

Suggested Citation

  • David Fielding & Kalvinder Shields, 2001. "Currency Unions and International Integration: Evidence from the CFA and the ECCU," Discussion Papers in Economics 02/8, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  • Handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:02/8

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    6. Lattimore, Pamela K. & Baker, Joanna R. & Witte, Ann D., 1992. "The influence of probability on risky choice: A parametric examination," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 377-400, May.
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    More about this item


    Currency Unions; International Integration;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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