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Accès à l'emploi, ségrégation résidentielle et chômage : le cas de l'Ile-de-France

  • Laurent Gobillon
  • Harris Selod


Cet article regroupe une synthèse théorique de la littérature économique, des faits stylisés, et une étude empirique portant sur les déterminants locaux du chômage urbain en Ile-de-France. La synthèse montre que la déconnexion physique aux opportunités d’emploi et la ségrégation résidentielle peuvent conduire à une augmentation du chômage. La déconnexion aux emplois peut être à l’origine d’une prospection d’emploi coûteuse et inefficace. La ségrégation résidentielle peut quant à elle diminuer l’employabilité des individus, détériorer la qualité des réseaux sociaux intervenant dans l’obtention d’un emploi, et permettre la discrimination territoriale par les employeurs. Les faits stylisés montrent l’ampleur des phénomènes de ségrégation et de déconnexion domicile-emploi en l’ Ile-de-France. L’étude micro-économétrique suggère que la ségrégation a un effet négatif sur le retour à l'emploi des chômeurs.

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Paper provided by Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquee, INRA in its series Research Unit Working Papers with number 0502.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lea:leawpi:0502
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