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Localisation et endogénéité des structures d'échanges

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  • BEHRENS, Kristian

    () (LATEC - CNRS UMR 5118 - MSH - Université de Bourgogne)

Abstract

We develop a model that investigates how strategically interacting firms share a given set of spatially separated markets. We show that, for intermediate val-ues of transport costs, the spatial distribution of firms determines the structure of interregional trade, which in return influences this distribution. Our results highlight the strong and circular link between the spatial distribution of eco-nomic activities and the endogenous structure of trade. Further, they suggest that agglomeration of firms is not necessarily incompatible with high values of transport costs. / Nous développons un modèle qui analyse comment des entreprises inter-agissant stratégiquement se partagent un ensemble de marchés spatialement séparés. Nous montrons que, pour des valeurs intermédiaires des coûts de transport, la répartition spatiale des entreprises détermine la structure des échanges interrégionaux, laquelle influence en retour cette distribution. Nos résultats mettent en évidence le lien étroit et circulaire existant entre la distribution spatiale de l'activité économique et la structure endogène des échanges. De plus, ils suggèrent que l'agglomération des entreprises n'est pas nécessairement incompatible avec des coûts de transport élevés.

Suggested Citation

  • BEHRENS, Kristian, 2003. "Localisation et endogénéité des structures d'échanges," LEG - Document de travail - Economie 2003-08, LEG, Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion, CNRS, Université de Bourgogne.
  • Handle: RePEc:lat:legeco:2003-08
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2000. "Non-Europe: The magnitude and causes of market fragmentation in the EU," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 136(2), pages 284-314, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    localisation; structure d'échanges; endogénéité; agglomération;

    JEL classification:

    • R32 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Other Spatial Production and Pricing Analysis
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets

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