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L'influence de la connaissance du genre du partenaire dans les relations de confiance et de réciprocité: une étude expérimentale

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  • Aurélie Bonein
  • Daniel Serra

Abstract

Ce travail étudie l'influence de la connaissance du genre du partenaire dans les relations de confiance et de réciprocité. Il rend compte d’une expérience en laboratoire sur le jeu de l'investissement qui compare les données résultant de deux traitements : le premier, sans connaissance du genre du partenaire, et le second, qui est tel que tant les « envoyeurs » que les « répondants » connaissent le genre de la personne à laquelle ils sont appariés. Les résultats obtenus montrent une grande hétérogénéité des comportements individuels, qui va du comportement théorique d’égoïsme pur à une confiance et une réciprocité totale. La connaissance du genre du répondant par les envoyeurs n'implique pas d'envois différents, même si les hommes semblent faire plus confiance en leur partenaire que les femmes. Au niveau de la réciprocité, un phénomène de « solidarité de sexe » semble dominer : les individus ont tendance à honorer d'avantage la confiance de leur partenaire s'il est du même genre qu'eux. Le genre de l'envoyeur exerce une influence significative sur les retours lorsque celui-ci est connu des répondants. Mais la croyance usuelle selon laquelle les femmes seraient plus loyales que les hommes n'est pas confirmée par l’expérience.

Suggested Citation

  • Aurélie Bonein & Daniel Serra, 2006. "L'influence de la connaissance du genre du partenaire dans les relations de confiance et de réciprocité: une étude expérimentale," Working Papers 06-02, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Jan 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:06-02
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • C0 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General
    • D69 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Other
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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