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Board Size Effects in Closely Held Corporations

Author

Listed:
  • Morten Bennedsen

    (Copenhagen Business School)

  • Hans Christian Kongsted

    (Institute of Economics, University of Copenhagen)

  • Kasper Meisner Nielsen

    (Centre for Economic and Business Research, Copenhagen)

Abstract

Previous work on board size effects in closely held corporations has established a negative correlation between board size and firm performance. We argue that this work has been incomplete in analysing the causal relationship due to lack of ownership information and weak identification strategies in simultanous equation analysis. In the present paper we reexamine the causal relationship between board size and firm performance using a dataset of more than 5,000 small and medium sized closely held corporations with complete ownership information and detailed accounting data. We test the potential endogeneity of board size by using a new instrument given by the number of children of the founders of the firms. Our analysis shows that board size can be taken as exogenous in the performance equation. Furthermore, based on a flexible model specification we find that there is no empirical evidence of adverse board size effects in the typical range of three to six board members. Finally, we find a significantly negative board size effect in the minority of closely held firms which have comparatively large boards of seven or more members.

Suggested Citation

  • Morten Bennedsen & Hans Christian Kongsted & Kasper Meisner Nielsen, 2004. "Board Size Effects in Closely Held Corporations," CAM Working Papers 2004-25, University of Copenhagen. Department of Economics. Centre for Applied Microeconometrics.
  • Handle: RePEc:kud:kuieca:2004_25
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    File URL: http://www.econ.ku.dk/cam/wp0910/wp0203/2004-25.pdf/
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    Cited by:

    1. Mina Zare & Mahmoud Moeinadin & Forough Heyrani, 2014. "Investigating the Relationship between Board Characteristics and the Sustainable Development of Companies Listed at Tehran Stock Exchange," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 4(6), pages 384-401, June.
    2. Khaled Elsayed, 2011. "Board size and corporate performance: the missing role of board leadership structure," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 15(3), pages 415-446, August.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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